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List of Acronyms

ACActivated Carbon
ACMAir Classifier Milling
ADA-CSADA-Carbon Solutions
ADVAcoustic Doppler Velocimeter
AFMAtomic Force Microscopy
AFRIAgriculture and Food Research Initiative
AHBAdvanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest
AHPAlkaline Hydrogen Peroxide
AIAAcid-Insoluble Ash
AIRPACTAir Indicator Report for Public Awareness and Community Tracking
APEXApplied Professional Experience
ARCAdvanced Resource Connector
ARISAAutomated Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Analysis
ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
ATJAlcohol to Jet
A2JAlcohol to Jet
ATP Adenosine Triphosphate
ATRAttenuated Total Reflectance
BANRBioenergy Alliance Network of the Rockies
BBERBureau of Business and Economic Research
BCDBase Catalyzed Depolymerization
BETBrunauer-Emmet and Teller
BETOBioenergy Technologies Office
BDTBone-Dried Ton
BIABureau of Indian Affairs
BILBillings Airport
BLIBellingham International Airport
BLMBureau of Land Management
BOIBoise Airport
BPABisphenol A
BSELBioproducts Sciences and Engineering Laboratory
BTUBritish Thermal Unit
°CDegree Celsius
C&DConstruction and Demolition
CAAMCommunity Asset Assessment Model
CAAFICommercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative
CAGRCompound Annual Growth Rate
CAPCoordinated Agricultural Project
CAPEXCapital Expenditure
CHFCombined Hydrolysis Factor
CHNCarbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
CHPCombined Heat and Power
CLECatchlight Energy
CLHCompañía Logística de Hidrocarburos
CMWConcentrated Milled Wood
CO2Carbon Dioxide
CO2eCarbon Dioxide Equivalent
CORRIMConsortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials
CSKTConfederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes
CVICreativity Vitality Index
CWDCoarse Woody Debris
DADilute Acid
DBHDiameter at Breast Height
DCADicarboxylic Acids
DCFDiscounted Cash Flow
DFEDesign for Environment
DGSSDivision of Governmental Studies and Services
DLA Defence Logistics Agency
DMSODimethyl Sulfoxide
DNADeoxyribonucleic Acid
DNRDepartment of National Resources
DOCDissolved Organic Carbon
DOEDepartment of Energy
DONDissolved Organic Nitrogen
DSCDifferential Scanning Calorimetry
DSHCDirect Sugars to Hydrocarbon
EBEEthanol Benzine Extraction
EIAEnergy Information Administration
EIOEnvironmental Input-Output Analysis
EISAEnergy Independence and Security Act
EMALEnzymatic Mild Acidolysis Lignin
ENGOEnvironmental Non-Governmental Organization
EPAEnvironmental Protection Agency
EPActEnergy Policy Act
EPDEnvironmental Product Declarations
EPPEnvironmentally Preferred Products
EUEuropean Union
FAFatty Acid
FAAFederal Aviation Administration
FCCSFuels Characteristics Classification System
FGDFlue-Gas Desulfurization
FHRForest Harvest Residues
FIAForest Inventory and Analysis
FOFFueling Our Future
FPLForest Products Laboratory
FPUFilter Paper Units
FPUField Processing Unit
FRSFermentation Residual Solids
FSFeedstock Sample
FTFFacing the Future
FVSForest Vegetation Simulator
GCGas Chromatography
GEGSpokane International Airport
GHGGreenhouse Gas
GIFTGevo's Integrated Fermentation Technology
GISGeographic Information System
GNNGradient Nearest Neighbor
GREETGreenhouse Gasses, Reglated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation
GWPGlobal Warming Potential
HBrHydrogen Bromide
HClHydrochloric Acid
HEFAHydroprocessed Esters and Fatty Acids
HHPAHexahydrophthalic Anhydride
HP Hydrogen Peroxide
HPAHydroxypropionic Acid
HPAEC/PADHigh Performance Anion Exchange Chromatography with Pulsed Amperometric Detection
HPLCHigh Performance Liquid Chromatography
HSQCHeteronuclear Single Quantum Coherence
HTPSPHigh Throughput Pretreatment Screening Protocol
HydRHydrolysis Residual
IATAInternational Air Transport Association
IBSSIntegrated Biomass Supply Systems
IDXIntegrated Design Experience
ICP-MSInductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrophotometer
IMPLANImpact Analysis for Planning
IPIntellectual Property
IPKIso-paraffinic Kerosene
IRRIndex of Relative Rurality
IRRInternal Rate of Return
ISOInternational Organization for Standardization
ITAKAInitiative Towards Sustainable Kerosene for Aviation
KLKraft Lignin
kWhKilowatt Hour
LAPLaboratory Analysis Procedures
LBLactic Bacteria
LCALife Cycle Assessment
LCILife Cycle Inventory
LEVLevulinic Acid
LiDARLight Detection and Ranging
LLLiquified Lignin
LLCLimited Liability Company
LMOLignin Modified by Methyl Oleate
LMSLand Management System
LPCALignin Derived Polycarboxylic Acid
LTSPLong-Term Soil Productivity
MATSMercury and Air Toxic Standards
MBMLMethylated Ball-Milled Lignins
MBSMild Bisulfite
MCMoisture Content
MC2PMid Cascade to Pacific
MCFMillion Cubic Feet
MCIPMeteorological Chemical Interface Processor
MILPMixed -Integer Linear Programming
MOSSMcCall Outdoor Science School
MRFMaterials Recycling Facility
MSWMuniciple Solid Waste
MtMetric Tons
MWMolecular Weight
MWMilled Wood
NAICSNorth American Industry Classification System
NaOHSodium Hydroxide
NARANorthwest Advanced Renewables Alliance
NCNara Community
NCAINational Congress of American Indians
NCGRNational Center for Genomic Resources
NEPANational Environmental Policy Act
NFEINational Fire Emission Inventory
NGONon-Governmental Organization
NIFANational Institute of Food and Agriculture
NISTNational Institute for Standards and Testing
NLDFTNonlocal Density Functional Theory
NMRNuclear Magnetic Resonance
NONitric Oxide
NPNutrient Package
NRELNational Renewable Energy Laboratory
NSFNational Science Foundation
NVPNet Value Percentage
ODBOven-Dried Basis
OpExOperational Expenditure
OSUOregon State University
PBAPoly(butylene adipate)
PDProject Director
PDLPartially Depolymerized Lignin
PDXPortland International Airport
PESPoly(ethylene succinate)
PIPrincipal Investigator
PNNLPacific Northwest National Laboratory
PNWPacific Northwest
POPyrolysis Oil
PTMSPoly(trimethylene succinate)
RARetrospective Analysis
RECRenewable Energy Certificate
RFSRenewable Fuel Standard
RINRenewables Identification Number
ROIReturn on Investment
RSACRemote Sensing Applications Center
RSB Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials
RTRoom Temperature
RTFORolling Thin Film Oven
RVORenewable Volume Obligation
SAM Social Accounting Matrix
SEASeattle-Tacoma Airport
SECSize Exclusion Chromatography
SEC-MALSSize Exclusion Chromatography/Multi Angle Light Scattering
SEDSubstrate Enzymatic Digestibility
SEMScanning Electron Microscope
SHFSeparate Hydrolysis and Fermentation
SMSystems Metrics
SMCStand Management Cooperative
SNPSingle Nucleotide Polymorphism
SO2Sulfur Dioxide
SPORLSulfite Pretreatment to Overcome Recalcitrance of Lignocellulose
SPTSodium Polytungstate
SRSSaccharified Residual Solids
SSFSimultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation
SSLSpent Sulfite Liquor
STEMScience, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics
SUBISustainable Bioproducts Initiative
SURESummer Undergraduate Research Experience
TAPPITechnical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
TEATechno-Economic Analysis
TgGlass Transition Temperature
TMATung Oil Maleic Anhydride
TPPTribal Partnership Projects
TPOTimber Products Output
TPYThroughput Yield
TRACITool for the Reduction and Assessment of Chemical and Other Environmental Impacts
UIUniversity of Idaho
UMBSUnwashed Mild Bisulfite Solids
UMWUnconcentrated Milled Wood
URSUnited Research Services
USDAUnited States Department of Agriculture
VFAVolatile Fatty Acid
w/wWeight for Weight
WDMWet-Disk Milling
WetOxWet Oxidation
WMCWestern Montana Corridor
WOWet Oxidation
WOXWet Oxidation
WRFWeather Research and Forcasting
WRVWater Retention Value
WSFWater Soluble Fractions
WSUWashington State University
WTCWeyerhaeuser Technology Center
WWRWood Waste Residuals
XgmGeometric Mean Dimension